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Republic of Azerbaijan

Azərbaycan Respublikası  (Azerbaijani)
Three equally sized horizontal bands of blue, red, and green, with a white crescent and an eight-pointed star centered in the red band
Flag Emblem
Location of Azerbaijan.
Location of Azerbaijan.
Capital
and largest city
Baku
40°25′N 49°50′E
Official languages Azerbaijani
Demonym Azerbaijani
Government Dominant-partypresidential republic
 – President Ilham Aliyev
 – Prime Minister Artur Rasizade
Legislature National Assembly
Formation
 – Caucasian Albania 4th century BC
 – Eldiguzids 1135
 – Democratic Republic 28 May 1918
 – Soviet Socialist Republic 28 April 1920
 – Independence from
the Soviet Union
30 August 1991 (declared)
18 October 1991 (independence)
 – Constitution adopted 12 November 1995
Area
 – Total 86,600 km2 (114th)
33,436 sq mi
 – Water (%) 1.6
Population
 – 2014 estimate 9 494 600 (89th)
 – Density 105.8/km2 (103)
274.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
 – Total $102.811 billion
 – Per capita $11,044
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
 – Total $73.537 billion
 – Per capita $7,900
Gini (2008) 33.7
medium
HDI (2013) 0.747
high · 76th
Currency Manat (AZN)
Time zone AZT (UTC+04)
 – Summer (DST)  (UTC+5)
Drives on the right
Calling code 994
ISO 3166 code AZ
Internet TLD .az